Training Afghan farmers in modern farming techniques. Khaneshin, Helmand Province, Afghanistan. Photo: SAC Neil

Millions of marginalised people rely on illicit drug economies – often deeply intertwined with armed conflicts – for their survival. But Agenda 2030, particularly Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16, makes no mention of illicit drug economies.

It is clear that the war on drugs has not worked, and it is increasingly recognised that a new, development-based approach to tackling illicit economies is needed. But at present, the evidence base to inform such policies is weak.

This report presents evidence on why illicit drugs are a development issue and why they matter for peacebuilding, before discussing the problem with current approaches, and the implications for drugs, peacebuilding and development policy.

Read Eric Gutierrez ‘s related blog Illegality, violence and fragility: do they breed each other?